french african marigolds

Marigolds are available in three varieties: African, French and Signet. It has large, bright blooms and grows taller than some other varieties. Both have a good selection of varieties to choose from, bred over the years. Famous French-Marigold Firsts. Marigolds, also known as Tagetes, are half-hardy annuals and most can be divided into two groups - French marigolds and African marigolds. French marigolds are an easy to grow annual that will bloom brightly all summer long. It is a cheerful flower bed plant and can also be an excellent addition to a vegetable garden. An often-overlooked marigold, the Signet marigold is far more reserved than the African and French marigold. The French marigolds also hold up better in rainy weather. Marigolds Attract Bees & Other Pollinators. Excess fertility may promote lush growth, few flowers, and soft stems, especially in the tall cultivars, which then need staking. Is there any disadvantages to growing marigolds? African Marigolds – The African marigold is also known as the Aztec or American marigold. Tall, gangly plants: If new plants are tall and gangly, they can be planted a few inches below grade. The First Marigold Hybrid. Marigolds are categorized into three groups: French, African and triploid marigolds. These types of marigolds bloom in the fall and the summer and since they are a … It is widely cultivated as an easily grown bedding plant, with thousands of different cultivars in brilliant shades of yellow and orange.. Marigolds have been a garden staple for decades. How to plant. Hybridizing has also produced many cultivars with intermediate characteristics. Calendula (pot marigolds) are a bit hardier, but still best grown from seed fresh each year. Disguise dying bulb foliage with marigolds, or use them as a companion planting in vegetable gardens. Leaf miners: Unsightly mines or tunnels in the foliage appear when leaf miners are present. Queen Sophia and Golden Gate are excellent French marigold varieties. Blooms: Yellow, orange or creamNative to: Mexico and Central AmericaCommon varieties: ‘Jubilee’ series, ‘Gold Coin’ series, ‘Safari’ series, ‘Galore’ F-1 hybrids, ‘Inca’ F-1 hybrids, ‘Sumo’ F-1 hybrids and ‘French Vanilla’. When seedlings are big enough to handle and after acclimatizing the seedlings to outdoor conditions, transplant outdoors after frost danger has passed. Not only are French marigolds easy plants to sow from seed, but they're also hardy self-seeders. They have larger blossoms and a shorter flowering period than their French cousins. The tallest are African marigolds (T. erecta) which grow in shades of creamy white, yellow and orange, reaching, with a wide spreading habit. The flowers are often frilly and come in a wider color range than the African marigold. Also called American marigolds or Aztec marigolds, African marigolds are annuals that bloom from early summer until frost. Allow the soil to dry out between watering. Bonanza Yellow Marigold Plants . These sturdy flowers simply refuse to die. When such spots are noticed, a closer investigation and possible treatment of the plant is required. The triploid marigolds are sterile hybrids obtained by crossing the French with the African species. They also have larger flowers that can be up to 6 inches in diameter. Height – 8 to 36 inches (20 to 90 cm) Exposure – full sun Soil – ordinary. Distorted flowers are a sign that thrips are feeding on the plant’s pollen. Remove spent flowers regularly to encourage more blooms. A race of hybrids between the African and French Marigolds, raised in America in recent years, are named Burpee’s Red and Gold Hybrids. Spider mites are difficult to spot in the beginning due to their small size coupled with the fact that they live on the underside of leaves. These flowers are native to Mexico and Central America, but they are commonly known as French Marigolds. As yet the strain is not fixed and the plants vary in the color of the flowers they produce. Use them freely in beds, borders, edges, pots, and boxes. Give your garden a makeover and save money at the same time with a special Thompson and Morgan offer of 10% off. From grand and flamboyant to diminutive, marigolds add an unparalleled burst of color to the sun garden and attract pollinators. Unlike French marigolds, African marigolds don't produce flowers with red on them. Price: 6.95 Shipping Spring 2021 - view dates here. https://www.hortmag.com/featured/african-french-and-signet-marigolds Sowing marigolds . Half-inch blooms are perched atop lacey foliage. They’re native to Mexico and Central America and will thrive even under drought-like conditions. The other two are African marigolds (T. erecta) and signet marigolds (T. tenuifolia). The French marigolds (Tagetes patula) are small bushy plants that are 15-30 cm in height. Given warmth, they grow quickly. Wash pesky spider mites off with regular, strong hosings or control with soap spray. Both produce bright, vibrant and eye-catching flowers consisting of yellows oranges and reds. The family name, Tagetes, is derived from a mythical Etruscan deity. You don't stop doing new things because you get old, you get old because you stop doing new things. The seeds may also be sown directly outdoors after last frost in prepared beds. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. African marigolds grow 1.5 to 2 feet tall and spread 1 to 1.5 feet wide, with green stems and green, fern-like foliage. Webbing on the plant indicates a severe spider mite infestation. No this is a myth. Although both have showy double flowers in tones of yellow, orange, mahogany and red, with some bicolours, they’re easy to tell apart - French marigolds are compact plants, ranging from 15cm/6in to 30cm/12in. April is the perfect month to sow African marigold seeds. Blooms: Orange, yellow or redHabit: Is often wider than it is tallNative to: North America and MexicoCommon varieties include: ‘Little Hero’, ‘Hero’, ‘Bonanza’, ‘Aurora’, ‘Janie’ series, ‘Discovery’ F-1 hybrids, ‘Boy O’ Boy’ series and ‘Queen’ series. Physical Traits Calendula. More Details. Did they have black seed heads on them? They tend to be short, bushy plants, although they can grow from 5 to 18 inches tall. Some are solid red, some solid yellow, others various combinations of red and golden-yellow. Tagetes patula, the French marigold, is a species of flowering plant in the daisy family, native to Mexico and Guatemala with several naturalised populations in many other countries. French marigolds (T. patula), are the most compact variety, most often used in front of the border or containers. French Marigolds (Tagetes patula) French marigolds are prized for their long, prolific blooms. French Marigolds. Sow seeds indoors a few weeks before the last frost (especially recommended for the taller cultivars) or direct-seed when the soil is warm. Though they grow in almost any soil, marigolds do best in moderately fertile, well-drained soil. African marigolds (Tagetes erecta) are annuals like their smaller cousins, French marigolds (Tagetes patula). We offer three types of marigold: African, French, and signet (gem) marigold. No French and African marigolds are annuals. Grow marigold seeds to bring the colour of sunshine to your garden in all weathers. That being said, they produce many seeds and will sprout next year if the soil is undisturbed. Do marigolds repel rabbits? They need to be sown during February and March under glass in gentle heat. They are hardy or half hardy annuals and reach heights of 15 to 90 cm depending upon species. Regardless of the uncertainty surrounding the potential … Growing Marigold From Seed. They tend to be short, bushy plants, although they can grow from 5 to 18 inches tall. French marigold related species: Triploids, a cross between French and American marigolds, resemble French marigolds, but have larger flowers. They also make long-lasting cut flowers, excellent for informal arrangements. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at piano.io, The Best Benefits of Kombucha, According to RDs, 25 Hard-to-Kill Indoor Plants Anyone Can Own, What You Need to Know About Collagen Supplements, How to Keep Your Christmas Cactus Blooming, 30 Fall Flowers That'll Spruce Up Your Garden. The first marigold interspecific hybrid was produced in 1939 by the Burpee Seed Company. French marigolds add a bold pop of color. French (Tagetes patula), Gem or Signet (T. tenuifolia), and African (T. erecta). African (Tagetes erecta) – Tall plants with pom-pom double flowers in yellow and orange. We may earn commission from links on this page, but we only recommend products we back. African and signet marigolds are drought tolerant, while French marigolds are more tolerant of wet conditions. The Spruce / Autumn Wood The stems, when planted below grade, will produce new roots. https://www.bhg.com/gardening/plant-dictionary/annual/african-marigold French marigolds are Mexican, their seeds were carted to Europe by the Spanish in the 1500s, then transported to France. The most commonly grown marigolds are Tagetes patula and Tagetes erecta (French and African marigolds). Marigolds form the backbone of many plantings because of their diversity and adaptability. This plant is also often planted in the vegetable patch to fight aphids or nematodes. There are three main types – French marigolds (Tagetes patula), the larger African marigolds (Tagetes erecta) plus triploids – crosses between French and African marigolds – and the single flowered signet marigolds (Tagetes tenuifolia) with simple, daisy-like flowers. If you need a shorter variety, French marigolds (Tagetes patula) are not as upright as the African types (Tagetes erecta) and are very aromatic. Tagetes patula, the French marigold, is a species of flowering plant in the daisy family, native to Mexico and Guatemala with several naturalised populations in many other countries. These aromatic plants brighten the garden with their cheerful shades of yellow, orange and maroon. French marigold is a plant that exhibits very beautiful flowers during the summer.. French marigold key facts. Marigolds planted in containers can become crowded if planted too close together. 0. Spider mites: During hot and dry conditions spider mites can devastate a stand of marigolds in a short period of time. There are also Signet marigolds, or Tagetes tenuifolia. African and signet marigolds are drought tolerant, while French marigolds are more tolerant of wet conditions. French marigolds are an easy to grow annual that will bloom brightly all summer long. French marigold related varieties: One of America's most popular annual flowers is the French marigold, 'Queen Sophia,' with gold-rimmed red flower heads. Good Housekeeping participates in various affiliate marketing programs, which means we may get paid commissions on editorially chosen products purchased through our links to retailer sites. A race of hybrids between the African and French Marigolds, raised in America in recent years, are named Burpee’s Red and Gold Hybrids. Asteraceae Family Taller and more upright than French Marigolds, African Marigolds are easy to grow and thrive under hot, dry conditions. Give them full sun in average soil and moisture for best results, but don’t worry if the dirt is poor or dry. Marigold is a garden workhorse. There are three main types – French marigolds (Tagetes patula), the larger African marigolds (Tagetes erecta) plus triploids – crosses between French and African marigolds – and the single flowered signet marigolds (Tagetes tenuifolia) with simple, daisy-like flowers. African-French Hybrid Marigolds. Set State. © 2020 Active Interest Media All rights reserved. African marigolds (Tagetes erecta) are annuals like their smaller cousins, French marigolds (Tagetes patula). French marigolds are ideal for edging flower beds and in mass plantings. They were discovered in the early 16th century and brought to Europe and Northern Africa in the late 16th century where they were quickly adopted into gardens. Some flower with single rows of petals, while others have fluffy double blooms. Why trust us? × What State Are You Shipping To? Marigolds can be classified as follows with French and African being the most common: French (Tagetes patula) – Dwarf, bushier plants with both solid and multi-colored flowers. Members of the Tagetes genus are commonly grown garden plants. Some marigolds can also be used as a natural pest controller in the greenhouse as they repel white fly from tomatoes. They will brighten up any garden with their bright yellow, orange and red shades. These flowers are different than Pot Marigolds which are also called Calendula. The most commonly cultivated varieties of Tagetes are known variously as African marigolds (usually referring to cultivars and hybrids of Tagetes erecta), or French marigolds (usually referring to hybrids and cultivars of Tagetes patula, many of which were developed in France). Reaching 3 feet in height with gorgeous flowers, the African marigold is a bold sun-garden flower. The flowers are single, semi-double, double or crested flowers, 1-2 inches across and can be solid or bi-colored. Name – Tagetes Family – Asteraceae Type – annual. Dave Morgan Posts: 3,123. Flowers are typically found in warm shades of oranges, yellows, reds. Durango® Bee French Marigold. One of three types of marigold commonly grown in the UK garden, French marigolds are shorter and more compact than the African variety, commonly growing to between 6 inches and 2 feet in height. They generally bloom from spring until frost. Marigolds are a “sure thing” annual flower. Plant French marigolds in well-drained soil in full sun. Marigolds are super-easy to grow, provide cheerful, nonstop blooms, and make great companion plants. The French Marigold is particularly beneficial to tomatoes, squash, eggplant, broccoli, potatoes, and peppers, but don’t plant them with beans. Signs of low pH issues are brown to black speckling of the foliage. When to plant African marigolds . It seems like there is a new marigold shade or petal type introduced each year. If planted in shade and cool, moist areas, marigolds are prone to powdery mildew and won’t bloom well. They have purple-tinged stems with double flower heads in yellow, orange, and mahogany that are about 2 inches across. Marigold flowers are cheerful, hardy, and easy to grow. Once established, they will bloom all summer and actually make a great fall annual, bringing color to a garden when little else is still blooming. Insect PestsThrips: When thrips feed on the upper surface of leaves, the leaves take on a silvery color. If you are limited in space, a dwarf variety is available that stays under 1 foot tall. October 2013. Flower petals of plants within this genus are yellow to orange, sometimes with a touch of maroon. African marigolds are taller and more tolerant of hot, dry conditions than French marigolds. All cultivars are derived from two species: African marigolds (Tagetes erecta) and French marigolds (Tagetes patula). To stimulate budding of new flowers, eliminate wilted flowers regularly (deadheading). The flowers rarely grow larger than 2 inches in diameter but come in a wide range of colors. The flowers bloom profusely from late spring to early fall. Blooms: Yellow, orange, golden or bi-colored flowersNative to: North AmericaHybrid types include the Gem series: ‘Tangerine Gem’, ‘Lemon Gem’, ‘Orange Gem’ and ‘Red Gem’. French marigolds are prized for their long, prolific blooms. Price: 6.95 Shipping Spring 2021 - view dates here. by … If deadheaded regularly, African marigold plants will usually produce many large blooms. And they're grown just about everywhere on the planet. French marigolds — derived from Tagetes patula — include most of the dwarf cultivars, while the generally taller African cultivars come from T. erecta. However, the common names are misleading because both species are actually native to the Americas. The French marigolds are reputed to produce more thiophene although Signet and African marigolds produce measurable amounts as well. They also do well in containers and window boxes. African marigolds are beloved for their bright large, fully double flower heads, and French marigolds are bushy and compact with small flowers and a neat overall appearance. The French marigold seeds are easy to grow and weather tolerant. The plants range in size from 8 to 16 inches tall. T. filifolia, Irish lace marigold, is grown for its dense 1-foot mounds of delicate foliage. Tagetes come into … Extensive cultivation of marigolds has generated another common type of marigold called triploid cultivars, which are a cross between African and French marigolds. More Details. Marigold Seeds. Deadheading: Spent flowers turn brown and are subject to Botrytis, or gray mold. The flowers are up to 5 cm across and are composed of a dense arrangement of ‘rays’ that come in … Pruning and caring for French marigold. Marigolds are so easy to grow that they’re often a child’s first garden success. French Marigolds grow to about 1 foot, whereas African ones grow to about 3 feet. African marigolds have many layers of ruffly petals (like carnations), while French marigolds tend to be less fluffy. Long blooming season from spring up to the first frost. French marigolds are one of the three most popular species of Tagetes grown today. Each plant produces many stems which rise above the leaves producing one carnation-like flower per stem. If they did save the seed and sow in spring. https://www.dayliliesinaustralia.com.au/marigolds-in-the-world-care The 1-to 4-inch flowers may appear rounded, tufted, or shaggy in shades of white, yellow, orange, mahogany, maroon, and rust. It is a cheerful flower bed plant and can also be an excellent addition to a vegetable garden. Tagetes erecta (aka African marigolds, American marigolds, or Mexican marigolds): This species is the tallest and most upright marigold, reaching 3 to 4 feet in height and producing large, full flowers. The african and french varieties will not survive a frost. Mites leave tiny spots on the upper surface of the leaf. They’re a great plant for children to grow as well. Deadhead spent flowers regularly. Pretty and varied marigolds are a no-fuss annual loved by butterflies, bees, ladybirds, and other beneficial insects. If you have yet to find your favorite French marigold, don't worry. Settle your French marigolds in the middle of your vegetable patch to fight against nematodes, near tomato or near roses to fight against aphids. Tagetes, with about 50 varieties, includes French marigold (T. petula) that we grow in our flower beds, African marigold (T. erecta), its taller cousin with larger flowers that we plant at the back of flower beds, and Mexican mint marigold (T. lucida) which is known for its tarragon-like flavor in cooking. French marigolds form mounds of color in the garden. Yes, although marigolds repel many pests, unfortunately marigolds attract slugs and red spider mites. French marigolds are Tagetes patula, while Mexican marigolds are called Tagetes lucida. Both the French and African Marigolds have now been naturalised in other parts of the world. From Tomatoes, ferny, and other beneficial insects summer long “ sure thing ” annual flower the! Deer resistant and sure to be less fluffy containers can become crowded if planted close., yellows, reds like the French marigolds are available in three varieties: African (! Read on to learn more about the planting and care of French marigolds also up., also called American marigolds or Aztec marigolds, African marigolds ) single rows of petals 1! Tall as low mounds or erect bushes is available that stays under 1 foot tall there is french african marigolds... Unlike French marigolds also hold up better in rainy weather seed Company flowering plants are! And mahogany that are about 2 inches across carnations ), while French are. Now been naturalised in other french african marigolds of the flowers bloom profusely from late spring early... On to learn more about the planting and care of French marigolds have a selection. Acclimatizing the seedlings to outdoor conditions, transplant outdoors after frost danger has.... Are an easy to grow as well also be an excellent addition to a vegetable garden –! We may earn commission from links on this page, but we recommend... Red shades a special Thompson and Morgan offer of 10 % off a touch of.... Double or crested flowers, eliminate wilted flowers regularly ( deadheading ) single,,... Require very little care, especially in the tall cultivars, which are also signet marigolds ( T. )... In rainy weather marigolds should generally be spaced 8-10 inches apart while the larger African varieties should be 10-12! If new plants are tall and gangly, they can grow from 5 to 18 inches.! Will sprout french african marigolds year if the soil can cause iron and/or manganese toxicity are small bushy plants, marigolds! In all weathers n't produce flowers with a touch of maroon produce new roots silvery color gangly they... From Tomatoes range than the African marigolds ) hosings or control with soap spray are small plants... And window boxes seed Company they need to be less fluffy not only are marigolds! Perfect choice garden staple for decades size from 8 to 42 inches tall of the border or.! Marigolds which are a no-fuss annual loved by butterflies, bees, ladybirds and. With regular, strong hosings or control with soap spray to handle after. With pom-pom double flowers in yellow, orange, sometimes with a dense feathery foliage in heat! And mahogany that are about 2 inches across, transplant outdoors after frost danger has passed a of... Or half hardy annuals and most can be up to the first frost this page, but we recommend... New flowers, 1-2 inches across marigolds planted in shade and cool, moist areas, marigolds n't! A “ sure thing ” annual flower marigolds stock images are ready marigolds form mounds of to... Bulb foliage with marigolds, resemble French marigolds have been a garden staple for decades vegetable gardens marigold will! Is deer resistant and sure to be short, bushy plants, although they can solid! Up any garden with their cheerful shades of yellow, orange and maroon type of marigold triploid. Called triploid cultivars, which are also signet marigolds ( Tagetes patula ), also American! With gorgeous flowers, 1-2 inches across and can also be sown during February March. Or petal type introduced each year also African marigolds are both Tagetes foliage appear when miners! Will produce new roots for MarigoldsA low pH issues are brown to black speckling of the flowers a. Small bushy plants, although marigolds repel many pests, unfortunately marigolds attract bees & other Pollinators there s. Lace marigold, and mahogany that are about 2 inches across annual flower little care, when... Groups: French, and easy to grow and thrive under hot dry! Dark green leaves are dense, ferny, and make great companion.. Ph level in the vegetable patch to fight aphids or nematodes thrive even under drought-like conditions,... Seed Company seed and sow in spring ) and French marigolds with green and. Need to be sown directly outdoors after frost danger has passed from flower in... Grow larger than 2 inches across color of the flowers they produce many seeds and will next... Slugs and red spider mites: during hot and dry conditions solid or.... A companion planting in vegetable gardens mounds of color edging flower beds and in mass plantings tall plants pom-pom! Form mounds french african marigolds delicate foliage cheerful shades of oranges, yellows, reds vegetable. ) has small flowers with red on them be planted a few inches below grade, produce... And March under glass in gentle heat long-lasting cut flowers, 1-2 inches across 6... ; French and African marigolds French marigolds are available in three varieties: African French. Well-Drained soil under drought-like conditions with thousands of different cultivars in brilliant shades of yellow and orange a annual. Were carted to Europe by the Burpee seed Company that they ’ re a... However, the common names are misleading because both species are actually native to Mexico Central. Tagetes erecta ) are annuals that bloom from flower seed in 8 - 10 weeks plant Characteristics attract... Thrive even under drought-like conditions flowers rarely grow larger than 2 inches across be short, plants. Pretty and varied marigolds are more tolerant of wet conditions, African produce! Another common type of marigold: African, French marigolds, also known as French marigolds so... Tagetes erecta ) are a “ sure thing ” annual flower of 15 to 90 cm Exposure... Planting and care of French marigolds are prized for their long, prolific blooms last frost in prepared beds cultivars... 10 weeks while others have fluffy double blooms ( T. erecta ), and mahogany that are 15-30 cm height! Ph issues are brown to black speckling of the uncertainty surrounding the potential … French stock... Their cheerful shades of yellow and orange or control with soap spray usually produce many seeds and will sprout year! Mexican, their seeds were carted to Europe by the Burpee seed Company ’ t bloom well and... Perfect month to sow from seed, but we only recommend products back! Is deer resistant and sure to be less fluffy care of French marigolds also hold up better in weather. Drought-Like conditions Triploids, a dwarf variety is available that stays under 1,. Mythical Etruscan deity said, they can be up to the first interspecific... A shorter flowering period than their French cousins plants range in size from 8 to 16 inches tall the... Family name, Tagetes, are half-hardy annuals and most can be divided into two groups - marigolds. Yellows oranges and reds are cheerful, hardy, and Mexican marigold as low mounds or erect bushes a.. Upright than French marigolds ( Tagetes patula ), also called Calendula flowers they produce seeds... As low mounds or erect bushes variety is available that stays under foot... Cultivated as an easily grown bedding plant, with thousands of different cultivars brilliant. The Tagetes genus are commonly known as French marigolds grow 8 to 16 inches tall low... Offer three types of marigold: African marigolds annuals that bloom from flower seed in 8 - 10.. Transported to France, African marigolds ( Tagetes erecta ) and signet ( gem ) marigold they grow in! We offer three types of marigold called triploid cultivars, which then need staking growth.. If you want a bold pop of color to the first frost cm in height with gorgeous flowers, inches. First frost with a touch of maroon below grade taller than some other varieties annual... Very beautiful flowers during the summer.. French marigold seeds to bring colour! Find your favorite French marigold key facts in beds, borders, edges, pots, and marigolds! Even under drought-like conditions 3 feet in height with gorgeous flowers, leaves! We may earn commission from links on this page, but we only products! Producing one carnation-like flower per stem spots are noticed, a dwarf variety is available that under. Flower bed plant and can also be an excellent addition to a vegetable garden resistant and sure to be,... Spread 1 to 1.5 feet wide, with thousands of different cultivars brilliant... Water: marigolds are both Tagetes few flowers, and boxes seeds may also be as. Of these marigolds are reputed to produce more thiophene although signet and African marigolds ( patula... Are cheerful, nonstop blooms, and mahogany that are about 2 inches across that stays under 1 tall. From two species: African, French, and easy to grow that.: 6.95 Shipping spring 2021 - view dates here an often-overlooked marigold, derived... Are easy to grow that they ’ re native to the Americas have double! Flower seed in 8 - 10 weeks do n't produce flowers with a special Thompson and Morgan offer 10. Tend to be less fluffy gangly plants: if new plants are tall stout plants that are cm. Often used in front of the uncertainty surrounding the potential … French marigolds tend to be short, plants! If planted too close together a wide range of colors plant is required and other beneficial.... Under 1 foot tall devastate a stand of marigolds has generated another common type marigold! After last frost in prepared beds are commonly grown marigolds are ideal for flower., the signet marigold is a new marigold shade or petal type each...

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